Course Synopsis of

Environmental Science and Technology

ESC 3001

ENVIRONMENTAL MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES

3(2+1)

This course covers the basic principles and methods used in physical and social parameter measurements in environmental studies. Techniques of environmental measurement, sampling, data analysis and interpretation will be discussed and implemented in the field.

ESC 3002

CHEMICAL PRINCIPLES IN THE ENVIRONMENT

4(3+1)

The course covers basic concepts of chemistry and its application in environment field. Topics discussed include physical chemistry, organic chemistry, chemical kinetics, chemical equilibrium, thermochemistry, electrochemistry and chemical reactions.  The applications of chemistry concepts in describing interaction of pollutants in the environment, analytical methods and treatment processes of chemical pollutants will be explained.

ESC 3006

PRINCIPLES OF ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS

4(3+1)

This course covers physical principles and its applications in environmental studies. Topics discussed includes kinematics, dynamics, forms of energy, momentum, conservation of momentum and energy, principle of continuity, hydrostatic and fundamental hydrodynamics, gas laws, electricity and magnetism, radiation, and transport of materials. Basic principles of physics used in environmental model’s construction and material movements such as Darcy equation and Navier-Stokes equation will also be discussed. The processes influencing water and air movement on earth’s surface such as Corriolis force, geostrophic, tides and waves will be introduce.

ESC 3007

PRINCIPLES OF ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY

4 (3+1)

This course covers basic principles of ecology such as ecosystem, energy flow, nutrient cycling and food chain; basic plant physiology mainly photosynthesis; biodegradation process, fermentation, biodeposition and bioturbation including aerobic and anaerobic systems. Topics such as MFO enzyme systems, environmental preservation of natural resources, environmental pollution and eutrophication will also be covered.

ESC 3009

INSTRUMENTATION AND ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYSIS

3 (2+1)

This course covers chemical analysis in the environment that includes analysis of organic and inorganic pollutants and particle reactivity with pollutants. Preparation of standard chemical and column is detailed out. The most recent instrumentations employed in environmental studies are discussed.

ESC 3010

SOIL AND WATER SCIENCES

3 (2+1)

This course covers the basic scientific and technological principles of soil and water studies which include the main aspects of geoscience, hydrologic cycle, flow through porous media, the role of water in soil-plant-atmosphere continuum, water quality and hydraulic.

ESC 3012

SOLID WASTE TREATMENT TECHNOLOGY

3 (3+0)

This course covers elements of solid waste management system which include generation, on-site handling and processing, collection, transportation, waste minimization and recycling, conversion technologies and final disposal. The relationship between economics, technologies, health, environment, law and planning in solid waste management and disposal are emphasized.

ESC 3011

INTRODUCTION TO ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES

3 (2+1)

This course covers composition and structure of atmosphere, cloud formation and weather phenomena, thermodynamic processes, solar and terrestrial radiation, air motions, and weather forecasts. Climate change  including meteorological changes and global warming are also discussed.

ESC 3101

PRINCIPLES OF ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH

3 (2+1)

This course covers various environmental issues and problems that affect human health based on toxicology methods, epidemiology, microbiology and case studies. Pollution in different environmental media, chemicals and pesticides, epidemics, food and water borne diseases, the impact of climate on human health, and environmental health risk assessment are discussed.

ESC 3203

ENVIRONMENTAL HYDROLOGY

3 (2+1)

 

ESC 3204

WASTEWATER TREATMENT

3 (2+1)

This course discusses several different objectives of
 wastewater treatment, local regulatory requirements
 for wastewater discharges, wastewater sources and
 characteristics and the role of the wastewater treatment
 plant operator. The following topics are also discussed

  1. sampling, sample management and sample analysis
  2.  in a wastewater survey, variations in wastewater quality, pre-treatment processes, sedimentation, physico-chemical treatment, biological treatment, kinetics of microbial growth, microbial metabolism, nitrification and denitrification. Basic plant operational control parameters and process monitoring is emphasized. Principles of anaerobic sludge treatment, effluent and sludge reuse and health and safety issues are also explained.

ESC 3205

DRINKING WATER TREATMENT

3 (3+0)

This course discusses water supply sources, waterpollution, drinking water treatment processes and the
importance of water management for the production of potable water supplies on a continuous basis.
Important drinking water quality parameters and proper disinfection techniques are discussed as well as
the impact of water quality on human health and  aquatic populations. The various water uses in
economic development, drinking water sampling techniques, analytical procedures and water quality
data management are  discussed in the context of water surveillance at the district and state level. The
use of home accessories such as water filters, water sterilizersand mineral water production units are
also discussed.

ESC 3501

ENVIRONMENTAL GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS

3 (2+1)

This course covers the definition of GIS, geographic data, cartographic and data structure, input
and output data as well as application of GIS in the field of environment.

ESC 3507

ENVIROMETRICS

3 (2+1)

PREREQUISITE

MTH 3003 or equivalent

This course covers methods in analysis and interpretation of environmental data in mitigating pollution sources. Case studies are used to validate prediction models based on real time analysis. Multivariate analysis and modelling methods to evaluate environmental quality are also discussed.

ESC 4101

ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH RISK ASSESSMENT

3 (3+0)

PREREQUISITE

ESC 3101 or equivalent

This course covers the health risk assessment process to measure the potential adverse effects and impacts on individual and population due to occupational and environmental pollutions.

ESC 4102

POLLUTION EXPOSURE ASSESSMENT

3 (2+1)

PREREQUISITE

ESC 3101 or equivalent

This course covers anatomy and physiology of the human body, industrial toxicology, principles of evaluating the work environment, sampling methodology, noise exposure and control, and application of guidelines and standards. Emphasizes are given to the identification, evaluation and control of potential workplace hazards and the potential health threats to humans and the environment.

ESC 4201

RIVER WATER QUALITY
MANAGEMENT

3 (3+0)

This course covers water pollution sources, planning and management of water quality, water quality index determination and river classification for water resource management. Localized and regional watershed problems and solutions in relation to river water quality management are discussed.

ESC 4204

WATERSHED ANALYSIS

3 (3+0)

PREREQUISITE

ESC 3203 or equivalent

This course covers hydrologic and geomorphic basis of environmental management problems concerning drainage basins. Essential tools and techniques to conduct watershed evaluation using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and watershed modelling to evaluate the health status of a watershed that will include diagnosing the causes, suggestion on options, and policies on how to improve the watershed system.

ESC 4205

MARINE CHEMISTRY

3 (2+1)

PREREQUISITE

ESC 3002 or equivalent

This course covers the chemical processes of marine environments which include basic biogeochemistry of oxygen, salt composition, dissolved chemical species, radioisotopes, trace and major elements, heavy metals in the coastal and deep-ocean. The analytical and measurement methods of marine chemistry are also discussed

ESC 4301

CARBON SEQUESTRATION AND CLIMATE CHANGES

3 (2+1)

PREREQUISITE

ESC 3002, ESC 3007 or equivalent

This course covers sources, changes and impacts of greenhouse gases, principles and United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The focus is on temperature changes, sea level rises, changes in amount of rainfall, impacts of climate change on biodiversity and sustainability of life support systems. Concept of carbon sesquestration in ecosystem and carbon trading are discussed.

ESC 4303

AIR POLLUTION CONTROL TECHNOLOGY

3 (3+0)

PREREQUISITE

ESC 3006 or equivalent

This course covers various aspects of air pollution control technologies including measurement and monitoring, meteorology, regulatory and engineering control of air pollution.

ESC 4401

SUBSURFACE INVESTIGATION TECHNIQUE

3 (2+1)

PREREQUISITE

ESC 3006 or equivalent

This course covers methods to investigate and identify structures, physical parameters and the constituents of the earth subsurface including geophysical methods for surveying and exploration purposes. Application of various aquifer evaluation methods and computer programs are also adopted.

ESC 4404

HAZARDOUS WASTE TREATMENT TECHNOLOGY

3 (3+0)

PREREQUISITE

ESC 3002 or equivalent

This course covers the physical, chemical and toxic properties of hazardous wastes that form the basis for hazard classification and determination of their movement, distribution as well as their impacts on human health and the environment. Treatment and disposal technologies including handling, storage and transportation based on the Environmental Quality Act 1974 and international regulations are discussed.

ESC 4406

ENVIRONMENTAL GEOPHYSICS

3 (2+1)

PREREQUISITE

ESC 3006  or equivalent

This course covers the study of earth’s internal structures and content through geophysical methods such as surveying, exploration and pollution assessment. Anthropogenic activities and natural processes contributing to environmental pollution are also discussed.

ESC 4502

ENVIRONMENTAL EMERGENCY RESPONSE

3 (3+0)

PREREQUISITE

ESC 3002 or equivalent

This course covers management of water, food, liquid waste, solid waste, medical waste, housing and mass care shelters, disease vectors, hazardous and toxic materials, radiation, and biological infection wastes after a disaster including nature of emergencies and disasters and emergency response. Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS), Chemical Safety Data Sheet (CSDS) documents and incident command procedures are discussed.

ESC 4504

ENVIRONMENTAL MODELING

3 (2+1)

PREREQUISITE

MTH 3100

This course covers the basic principles and methods used in physical and social parameter measurements in environmental studies. Techniques of environmental measurement, sampling, data analysis and interpretation will be discussed and implemented in the field.

ESC 4505

INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY

3 (3+0)

PREREQUISITE

EMG 3001 or equivalent

This course covers the significance of physical, biological, chemical and societal frameworks in the use of ecological concepts to manage resource in a  built up area  using tools such as design and development, process design, life cycle assessment, impact assessment and interpretation.

ESC 4506

INTELLIGENT TECHNOLOGY FOR ENVIRONMENT

3 (3+0)

This course covers concepts and methods in the development of an artificial intelligence system. Benefits and limitations of artificial intelligence versus conventional methods in solving environmental problems are emphasized through discussions of artificial intelligence architecture, knowledge acquisition process, knowledge engineering, knowledge representation and development tools.

ESC 4507

ENVIRONMENTAL FORENSICS

3 (2+1)

This course covers distribution, sources and transport pathways of pollutants in the environment and their application in environmental forensics. Unique molecular marker compounds, weathering effects on molecular marker distribution, diagnostic indices, biodegradation and application of molecular markers for leachate and chemical spill source identification are discussed.

ESC 4508

BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION

3 (3+0)

PREREQUISITE

ESC 3007 or equivalent

This course covers concepts in biodiversity and conservation. Emphasis is placed on ethics, laws and economics that influence attitudes towards management of biodiversity through disussions on drivers of biodiversity loss and strategies in conservation to guarantee biodiversity sustainability, methods to protect ecosystem and restoration strategies as conservation tools.

ESC 4509

ECOLOGY OF NATURAL RESOURCES

3 (3+0)

PREREQUISITE

ESC 3007 or equivalent

This course covers biophysical and socioeconomic concepts of managing natural resources and ecological principles in the preservation, conservation and restoration of resources. The ecology and natural history of diverse natural resources ranging from individual organisms to landscapes, natural to managed ecosystems, wilderness to agricultural and urban systems, and local to international environment are discussed.

ESC 4510

ENVIRONMENTAL BIOPHYSICS

3 (2+1)

PREREQUISITE

ESC 3006 or equivalent

This course covers principles for analyzing energy and mass changes between living organisms and their environment. Discussions include microclimate parameters and its interaction with vegetation as well as impacts on environment. Application of models to calculate energy and mass transfer rates, and impact of micro climatic changes on agriculture yield are also discussed.

ESC 4511

ENVIRONMENTAL REMOTE SENSING

3 (2+1)

This course covers concepts of remote sensing and its application in environmental management including the principles of remote sensing, radiation theory, sensor systems, data acquisition, correction and storage, data  analysis, and spectral signatures of natural and man-made materials.

ESC 4512

ADVANCE ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY

3 (2+1)

PREREQUISITE

ESC 3002 or equivalent

This course covers concepts of chemistry concerning the behavior of particles in the environment, partitioning of solids and colloids, and chemistry of natural and polluted water,  soil and air. Lateral and vertical transport of organic pollutants are emphasized. Biomonitoring of organic and inorganic chemicals such as heavy metals, nutrients, pesticides and hydrocarbons are discussed.

ESC 4513

ENVIRONMENTAL BIOREMEDIATION

3 (2+1)

This course covers various aspects of soil remediation using biological methods to degrade toxic compounds. The bioremediation process, biochemical reactions and metabolic pathways are emphasized. In-situ and reactor treatment processes are discussed.

ESC 4514

ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN ENVIRONMENT

3 (2+1)

This course covers business concepts and issues concerning environmental entrepreneurship. Emphasis is placed  on preparation of business plans and consultancy proposals, organizational planning, marketing, and financial and asset management. The influence of socio-economic factors on the success of entrepreneurs and environmental consultant are discussed.

ESC 4603

ENERGY SYSTEM AND ENVIRONMENT

3 (3+0)

PREREQUISITE

ESC 3006 or equivalent

This course covers energy sources, energy generation its impacts on the environment, energy conservation, and socioeconomic implications. The utilization of clean energy technology is discussed in light of government policies and strategies on energy.

ESC 4901

INDUSTRIAL TRAINING

12 (0+12)

PREREQUISITE

Passed the 7 semesters of study in the Bachelor of Science and Environmental Technology

This course covers an  industrial training  for a period of  24 weeks at various selected government agencies, companies or factories related to environmental science and technology. The training is organized jointly by the coordinator and supervisor or the manager from the related agencies, company or factory.

For further information contact:
Prof. Madya Dr. Puziah Abdul Latif
Head
Department of Environmental Sciences
Universiti Putra Malaysia
43400 UPM Serdang
Malaysia
+60-3-89466770
puziah@env.upm.edu.my